Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries February 2021

Care Services of the provinces 2019

In 2019, a total of 153 152 clients were cared for by outpatient services and 96 458 people in care lived in inpatient facilities that were financially supported by social assistance or the means-tested income scheme; 9 040 people claimed benefits of short-term care in inpatient facilities, and semi-inpatient services were provided to 8 883 people. Almost two-thirds (outpatient services) up to 71% (inpatient services) of the clients were women (end of 2019). The share of women among the care staff was even higher (84% up to 91%) than that among clients. The gross expenditure for long-term care benefits amounted to EUR 4.2 billion, the net expenditure to EUR 2.5 billion. Thus 59% of gross expenditure was borne by the provinces and the municipalities and 36% were covered by revenues of the recipients.

Fruit Production 2020

In 2020 a production of 192 700 tons of dessert fruits was achieved. This was 13,2% below the ten-year average and 14,4% lower than the previous year's production. Pome fruit brought a quantity of 168 300 tons (-11,7% compared to 2019) and decreased below the long-term average level (-12,6%). The production of stone fruit was exceptionally weak and reached only 5 600 tons – this was 64,2% below the previous year's production and 55,5% below the ten-year average. The harvest of berries yielded 18 700 tons, which was 12,5% over the ten-year average and corresponded to the previous year's level (+0,1% to 2019). Apples, the main Austrian fruit species, achieved a harvest of 160 100 tons (-13,1% compared to 2019). Apricots were severely affected by spring frosts and therefore achieved only a very low production of 950 tons (-90,0% to 2019). Strawberries yielded 13 300 tons (-2,0% to 2019).

Wage Tax Assessments 2018

At the time the data were received (October 2020) wage tax assessments for 2018 had been done for about 4.4 million wage-tax payers. These are 62.8% of all persons covered by the wage tax statistics 2018. Although employees and pensioners may file an application for wage tax assessment for a certain year until the end of the fifth following year, experience shows that by October of the second following year more than 90% of these applications are filed. Compared to the results of wage tax statistics 2018 wage tax assessments for 2018 caused a tax refund of EUR 1 767.9 million, which is equivalent to 6.3% of the originally withhold wage tax. The total is divided into EUR 1 612.1 million wage tax refund for employees and EUR 155.8 million for pensioners. The average refund per person who filed an application for wage tax assessment amounted to EUR 399.

CPI of December 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in December 2020 was 1.2% (November 2020: 1.3%). Housing, water and energy (+2.1% compared to December 2019) remained the most important price driver. The index level of the CPI 2015 was 109.4 in December 2020. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.6%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 109.79 in December 2020, with a harmonised inflation rate at 1.0%.

The measures to contain COVID-19 and the “hard lockdown” in December had a strong impact on the calculation of the December inflation rate. Several measures affected the sectors gastronomy, culture, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport as in November (“lockdown light”). Furthermore, the price surveys for the consumer price index were changed from in-store collection to other methods like internet price collection (in particular the retail sector) and the use of scanner data (in particular supermarkets and drugstores). Where necessary, imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 20.3% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Passenger Transport on the Danube 2019

Results of a grant project funded by Eurostat for the Austrian part of the Danube

This article analyses the feasibility of a survey for passenger transport on the Austrian part of the Danube. This study was carried out as part of a grant project funded by Eurostat. To receive results for foreign companies, an estimation model was developed using AIS data (Automatic Identification System) and information on ship itineraries obtained via web scraping. Data from locks and landing stages, information on ship types and their capacities as well as the results of a national survey by the public company viadonau were also used. For domestic daytrip vessel companies, a questionnaire was designed to collect passenger transport data on a voluntary basis. This article describes the work carried out in the course of the EU grant project and presents results for passenger transport on the Austrian part of the Danube for the reporting year 2019.

How’s Austria 2020

Indicators and Analysis

How is Austria presents key indicators on the areas of material well-being, quality of life and the environment. 30 indicators complement the gross domestic product and thus contribute to a broader understanding of the development of prosperity and progress in Austria. A panel of external independent scientific experts assesses the key indicators according to a 5-part scale for a short term (last 3 years) and long term period (at least 10 years). A large number of the indicators of material well-being have been rated very positively or positively for the past three years: for example, in 2019, gross domestic product (+1.0% per capita, real), income (+1.0% per capita, real) and consumption (+0.7% per capita, real) increased. For quality of life, there is no negative assessment in the short term. Subjective life satisfaction remained at a very high level, and the proportion of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion was low by EU standards and has continued to decline. More heterogeneous and also more critical were the indicators in the environmental area. The high consumption of resources and energy and rising greenhouse gas emissions continue to be considered problematic. Positive assessments in the environmental field show the increase in organic land and the decrease in PM2,5 exposure.