Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries May 2021

Foster families in Austria

Using data from the Register-based Labour Market Statistics, for the first time it is possible to describe the Austrian foster families according to selected characteristics, such as the family type, the age of the foster children and foster parents or their level of education. Foster families, i.e. foster parents and their foster children, are very similar in many areas to families with only biological or step children or adopted children. This concerns, for example the labour market participation of foster parents. In other areas, however, such as age structure or education, foster families differ from families without foster children. On October 31, 2018, 4 958 minors were living as foster children in 3 897 foster families. The distribution of the foster families was similar to that of the general population. More than half (53.4%) were living in small to medium-sized communes. Foster families usually consist of a couple (with or without own children) with only one foster child (56.1%). More than half of the foster parents were childless or have no other minor children in the family. Foster mothers and foster fathers showed on average an age difference of around ten years more to their foster children than mothers and fathers to their biological children. Among the foster parents there are more university graduates than is generally the case with parents. Foster children themselves did not differ noticeably from their peers in terms of gender, age or citizenship, but there seems to be an increased need for school support.

Labour Force Projection 2020 to 2080

This article presents the most recent labour force projection for Austria based on the medium variant of the population projection and labour participation rates extrapolated from the years 2004 to 2019 by sex and five-year age groups by three variants. It describes the assumptions and how the stocks are projected until 2080. Austria had a labour force of 4.60 million in 2019, the reference year for the new projection. According to the trend variant, the total labour force will amount to 4.55 million persons (-1.1%) in the year 2050 and to 4.57 million (-0.7%) in 2080. Due to population ageing also the labour force will age. The share of persons in the labour force older than 55 years will increase from 16.6% to 19.6% in the year 2050. Hand in hand with population increase Vienna, the capital of Austria, will see the highest growth in the labour force by 11.8% in the long run. Two other variants show on the one hand the development by a slightly higher increase of labour participation (mobilisation variant) and on the other hand with constant labour force participation rates of the year 2019 (benchmark variant). This scenario allows quantifying the influence of shifts in population size and structure to the changes in the labour force.

Index of Agreed Minimum Wages 2020

This article reports on the main developments of the Index of Agreed Minimum Wages (base year 2016) in the year 2020. On average the minimum wages increased by 2.3% compared to the previous year (+2.5% for blue collar workers, +2.2% for white collar workers and +2.4% for civil servants). From 2016 to 2020 the increase added up to 9.8%, whereas in the same period the accumulated rate of inflation (VPI 2015) was 7.2 per cent.

Livestock Survey of 1 December 2020

In December 2020 a livestock (sample) survey was carried out; about 7 000 agricultural holdings had to send data to Statistics Austria within a certain period of time. Compared with the results of the survey in December 2019 the final results for 2020 (after extrapolation) showed an increase in the number of pigs by 1.2% to 2.81 million head, while the population of sheep decreased (-2.2% to 394 000) and the number of goats slightly rose (+0.3% to 92 800). Over the same period the stock of cattle (determined by administrative sources) declined by 1.3% to 1.86 million head.

CPI of March 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in March 2021 was 2.0% (February 2021: 1.2%) reaching the highest value since February 2020 (2.2%). Mainly responsible for this were fuel and heating oil prices, which turned out to be price drivers due to their significant low price levels in March 2020 (base effect). Housing, water and energy (+2.9% compared to March 2020) remained the most important price driver. The CPI 2020 was at 101.9, while the average price level increased by 1.1% compared to February 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 110.69 in March 2021 (February 2021: revised 109.40) with a harmonised inflation rate at 2.0%. The measures to contain COVID-19 had a less but still significant impact on the calculation of the March inflation rate. In contrast to February in the supermarket and drugstore-sector the price surveys were changed from scanner data to in-store collection. The retail sector, personal services like hairdressers and museums and zoos were still open and prices there were also collected in-store. As in February the most affected sectors were: gastronomy, theatre, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport. Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 13.8% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

CPI and HICP– Revision 2020

In the year 2020 the regular revision of the CPI and HICP basket and weighting scheme took place. The basket of goods and services and the weighting scheme were reviewed and adapted to represent the current consumption behaviour. The household budget survey in the years 2019/2020 and the private consumption according to the national accounts 2019 as well as the quarterly data and estimations for 2020 served as the main data basis for the revision. The current base year for the CPI is 2020 and was introduced in January 2021. The base year for the HICP has not changed and is still 2015. The new basket and weighting apply for index production from January 2021 onwards.

Material Flow Accounts 2000 to 2018

Material Flow Accounts as one part of environmental economic accounts show physical exchange processes between society and nature or between national economies. This article comprises time series (2000 to 2018) on e.g. domestic extraction and imports of the four main material categories: biomass, metal ores, non-metal minerals and fossil fuels. Furthermore, information is given on resource use indicators as derived from material flow accounts. The indicator for direct material input (DMI) measures the total input of materials into the socio-economic system originating from the natural environment or from the rest of the world. DMC (domestic material consumption) measures the total amount of material directly used in an economy and equals direct material input (DMI) minus exports. Both indicators are highly compatible with national accounts. In Austria the DMI rose by 15.7% from 2000 to 2018, whereas DMC only increased by 4.0%. As, during the same period, gross domestic product grew by about 31.4%, resource efficiency (GDP/DMC) increased significantly. The resource efficiency indicates how much economic achievement in Euro per ton material deployment is gained – EUR 2 193 per ton in 2018 compared to EUR 1 735 per ton in 2000.