Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries June 2021

Usage of health care

Results of the Austrian Health Survey 2019

The Austrian Health Interview Survey (ATHIS) 2019 provides data for the use of inpatient and outpatient care as well as medical and therapeutic services in Austria. About one sixth of the population aged 15 years and more spent at least one night in hospitals in the last twelve months before the day of the interview. 17% of the population had a day care in hospitals. 5.9 million men and women visited a general practitioner within the last year. Women mostly visited a preventive medical check-up for breast or cervical cancer. A protection provided by vaccination was mostly given for tetanus (74%). More than half of the population was satisfied with the quality of health care services.

Gender Pay Gap

An analysis of the gender wage gap

According to the Eurostat definition, the (unadjusted) gender pay gap is the relative difference between the average gross hourly earnings of women and men in the private sector. In Austria, the gender pay gap has decreased from 25.5% in 2006 to 20.4% in 2018. Compared to other member states of the European Union, Austria is still among the countries with the highest gender-related wage differentials and is above the average of EU-28 (2018: 15,3%). An analysis of various factors influencing the gender pay gap shows that 6.4 percentage points can be explained by differences in observed characteristics such as economic activity, occupation, education, age, length of service in the enterprise, full- and part-time work, type of employment contract, region or size of the enterprise. The remaining 14.0 percentage points cannot be explained by the observed characteristics.

Crop Production 2020

The final results of the cereals harvest (incl. grain maize) showed a production of 5.67 million tons (+4.6% to 2019), which means an increase of 10.5% compared to the ten years’ average. While dryness and heat affected the young seedlings in early spring, this period was followed by a rainy enough summer and autumn from which most field crops profited in the end. Dry pulses and oilseeds achieved a production of 432 000 tons (-3.8% compared to 2019). Though the area of root crops was reduced anew this product group with 2.98 million tons achieved a harvest surplus of 9.6% compared with 2019, but remained clearly under the ten years’ average (-21.3%). For the first time for three years, green fodder obtained a harvest clearly over the ten years’ average with 607 500 tons of clover hay (+16.9% to 2019; +6.2% to the ten years’ average) and 6.46 million tons of meadow hay including temporary grasses (+18.0% to 2019; +2.7% to the ten years’ average).

Slaughtering Statistics 2020

In 2020, a total of 645 000 cattle (incl. 56 000 calves), 5 068 000 pigs, 312 000 sheep (incl. lambs), 61 300 goats and kids as well as 424 horses, foals and other equids were slaughtered. This resulted in a meat production of overall 728 000 tonnes. In detail, 211 000 tonnes of beef, 5 600 tonnes of veal, 504 000 tonnes of pork, 6 500 tonnes of sheep meat, 639 tonnes of goat meat and 90 tonnes of horse meat were produced.

2018 Turnover Tax Statistics

Main results and analysis about branch-specific characteristics

The turnover tax statistics of the year 2018 presents a total of 694 525 cases of assessment, which accounted for a taxable turnover of EUR 774.7 billion. Compared to the previous year the number of taxpayers increased by 4 304 (+0.6%) and the volume of taxable turnover by EUR 39.6 billion or 5.4%. Nearly one third of the taxable turnover (33% or EUR 252.1 billion) remained tax free. From the turnover which was assessable for tax, 76.8% or EUR 373.8 billion were subject to the standard tax rate of 20% and EUR 98.2 billion (20.2%) to the reduced tax rate of 10%. The reduced tax rate of 13%, which was newly implemented in 2016, accounted for EUR 14.3 billion (2.9%). In 2018 wholesale and retail trade once more turned out to be the economic activity with the highest turnover. With 15% of all taxable units it accounted for 30% (EUR 235.2 billion) of the taxable turnover, followed by manufacturing industries (4% accounted for EUR 180.5 billion or 23% of the taxable turnover). From a total of 694 525 taxable units 517 566 (75%) were liable to income tax and 176 959 (25%) were liable to corporation tax. The actual amount of tax payable was EUR 24.9 billion including EUR 22.4 billion of acquisition tax (VAT on intra-EU imports).

CPI of April 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in April 2021 was 1.9% (March 2021: 2.0%). The expenditures for housing, water and energy (+2.9% compared to April 2020) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by fuels (+12.7%). The CPI 2020 was at 101.8, while the average price level decreased by 0.1% compared to March 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 110.83 in April 2021 with a harmonised inflation rate at 1.9%. The measures to contain COVID-19 had a larger impact on the calculation of the inflation rate than in March, because in the eastern provinces Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland a regional lockdown came into force: The retail sector, personal services like hairdressers and museums and zoos were closed. In April nationwide closed sectors were: gastronomy, theatre, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport. Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 16.4% of the weight of the basket of goods and services.

Eco-Taxes 1995-2019

The fundamental framework for environmental tax statistics was created by Eurostat, the Directorates General Environment as well as Taxation and Customs Union, the OECD and the IEA. According to this, an environmental tax is defined as tax whose tax base is a physical unit that has a proven specific negative impact on the environment. Following these guidelines, Statistics Austria has published data on eco-taxes since 1995. Since 2011, the calculation of the eco-taxes is component of the EU regulation 691/2011, and the data transmission to Eurostat is therefore mandatory. In 2019, eco taxes amounted to EUR 9.8 billion, i.e. 2.5% more than in 2018. The share of energy and transport taxes made up about 92% of all environmental taxes. Resource and pollution taxes are of minor importance. In a “subsidiary account” further ecologically relevant cash flows are reported, which – although they are of increasing importance – are not included under eco-taxes. However, they have an analogue steering effect such as classic eco-taxes. They refer to payments such as water and sewage fees, parking fees as well as revenue from the motorway vignette or truck road pricing, which in total already amount to half of eco-taxes.