Foreign Trade; Absolute Data

Austrian foreign trade in 2021 (preliminary results)


Compared to the year 2020, the turnover of the Austrian foreign trade of the year 2021 (preliminary results) indicated an increase with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods increased by 23.2% to €177.98 bn; Austrian exports increased by 16.1% to €165.48 bn. Foreign trade with EU member states showed also an increase in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: +20.1% to €118.58 bn; intra-EU-exports: +16.9% to €112.64 bn). Imports and exports from third-countries also increased (extra-EU-imports: +30.1% to €59.39 bn; extra-EU-exports: +14.4% to €52.83 bn). The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of €12.50 bn in the year 2021.

Please consult our German website for tables and summary reports containing further information.

The increase in the months April, May and June significantly contributed to the positive development of the reporting year as a whole. A general recovery in exports and imports was already recorded in March 2021. With the exception of exports in the reporting month of October, both imports and exports have been consistently above the level of the respective comparative months of the pre-Corona-crisis year 2019 since March 2021.

Trade according to goods categories

Imports of Machinery and transport equipment increased by 16.7% and showed the strongest plus in terms of value and the highest value for imports. Nutrition recorded the lowest percentage increases in imports, with imports up 5.2% to €10.69 bn and exports up 8.6% to €9.59 bn. 
Exports were also led by Machinery and vehicles, up 12.6%, followed by Processed goods (+22.8% to €35.29 bn) and Chemicals and related products (+13.6% to €25.19 bn)

Trade with the EU-27

Overall, trade with the EU member states accounted for 66.6% of total imports (year 2020: 68.4%) and 68.1% of total exports (year 2020: 67.6%). In 2021 as a whole, imports of goods from the EU partner countries increased by 20.1% to €118.58 bn. Exports of goods to these countries increased by 16.9% to €112.64 bn. Compared with the previous year; the deficit in trade with the EU increased from €2.38 bn to €5.94 bn.

The most important EU-trading partners for imports were Germany, Italy, Czechia, Poland, the Netherlands and Hungary. All of these countries showed an increase in imports.

Germany, Italy, Poland, France, Hungary and Czechia played an important role in Austrian exports to the EU Member States. All these countries recorded an increase in exports.

The largest increase with respect to imports and exports was recorded for Machinery and transport equipment (intra-EU-imports: +15.5% to €41.12 bn; intra-EU-exports: +12.6% to €38.09 bn). Strong increases in both trade flows were also seen at Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (intra-EU-imports: +29.1% to €23.06 bn; intra-EU-exports: +23.0% to €25.74 bn).

Trade with non-EU countries

The value of imports from non-EU countries increased by 30.1% to €59.39 bn as well as exports increased by 14.4% to €52.83 bn. The balance of trade with non-EU countries showed a deficit of €6.56 bn. In the year 2021 an amount of 33.4% of all imports were registered with third countries while the share of exports was 31.9%.

China, Switzerland and the United States were the most important non-EU-trading partners on the import side and showed positive change rates compared to 2020. On the export side the three major non-EU countries were: United States followed by Switzerland and China. The export values to these three third countries increased.

The increase of import values of Machinery and transport equipment (+19.8% to €17.76 bn) and Miscellaneous manufactured articles (+15.9% to €10.54 bn) from non-EU countries contributed essentially to the growth in imports.

The export-related growth was largely attributable to Machinery and transport equipment (+12.7% to €23.19 bn) and Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (+22.5% to €9.55 bn).

Austrian foreign trade in 2021
YearImportsExportsImport (-) or export (+) surplusIncrease (+) or decrease (-) against the previous year Percentage
€1,000Per cent
20211)177,976,923165,476,306-12,500,61723.216.1 100100
2020144,421,217142,566,444-1,854,773  100100
EU-27 (intra-EU-imports/-exports)
20211)118,583,195112,642,441-5,940,75420.1 16.9 66.668.1
202098,765,87296,389,479-2,376,393  68.467.6
Non-EU countries (extra-EU-imports/-exports)
20211)59,393,72852,833,865-6,559,86330.1 14.4 33.431.9
202045,655,34546,176,965521,620  31.632.4
Results (overview): foreign trade: imports, exports and percentage change; 2021 (preliminary results)
Foreign trade: imports, exports with balance; 2021 (preliminary results)

06.05.2022International trade in goods in February 2022: imports +21.1%, exports +14.7%PDF38 KB
08.04.2022International trade in goods in January 2022 shows strong growth in comparison to January 2021; imports +32.0%, exports +21.3%PDF39 KB
07.02.2022International trade in goods in November 2021 shows strong growth in comparison to November 2020; imports +23,9%, exports +19,0%PDF37 KB
07.01.2022International trade in goods in October 2021 shows an increase in comparison to October 2020; imports +14.0%, exports +7.9%PDF38 KB
07.12.2021International trade in goods in September 2021 shows strong growth in comparison to September 2020; imports +20.6%, exports +15.9%PDF36 KB
09.11.2021International trade in goods in August 2021 shows strong growth in comparison to August 2020; imports +24.8%, exports +19.8%PDF38 KB
06.10.2021International trade in goods in July 2021: strong growth in comparison to July 2020; imports and exports returned to pre-crisis level of July 2019PDF38 KB
07.09.2021International trade in goods in June 2021: significant increase in imports (+33.1%) and exports (+20.9%) in comparison to the weak results in June 2020PDF36 KB
04.08.2021International trade in goods in May 2021: over 30% more imports and exports in comparison to the weak results in May 2020; imports +34.1%, exports +31.5%PDF38 KB
06.07.2021Foreign trade in April 2021: significant increase in imports (+44.9%) and exports (+37.7%) in comparison to the weak results in April 2020PDF38 KB
25.06.2021Foreign trade 2020 (final results): sharp decline in imports (-8.5%) and exports (-7.1%); in spite of Corona pandemic foreign trade volume of over €140 bnPDF37 KB
08.06.2021Foreign trade in March 2021: significant increase in imports (+23.7%) and exports (+16.8%)PDF36 KB
06.05.2021Foreign trade in February 2021: increase in imports (+3.7%) and exports (+3.1%)PDF37 KB
07.04.2021Foreign trade January 2021: sharp decline in imports (-10.4%) and exports (-9.5%)PDF42 KB
11.03.2021Foreign trade 2020: significant decreases in imports (-8.6%) and exports (-7.5%)PDF37 KB
08.02.2021Foreign trade in November 2020: imports slightly increased by 0.05%, exports rose by 1.8%PDF36 KB
08.01.2021Foreign trade in October 2020: imports declined by 6.0%, exports by 10.7%PDF36 KB

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