Life tables

Application for calculating age-adjusted life expectancy in accordance with the 2000/2002 life table (available in German only)

Austrians are living longer; male life expectancy is gaining

Life expectancy rose again in Austria after the turn of the century. According to the 2010/2012 life table, which was calculated on the basis of the 2011 register-based census and the number of deaths between 2010 and 2012, the life expectancy of men is now 78.0 years, and that of women, 83.3 years. Compared with the period 2000/02 the life expectancy of men increased by 2.4 years, that of women by 1.8 years. As a result the lead in life expectancy which women enjoyed in the 1990s has diminished from 6.0 to 5.3 years. The life expectancy of the total population (men plus women) amounts to 80.3 years.

Increased mortality risk in youth

Infant mortality, i.e. the mortality risk during the first year of life, has declined steadily in the past and is now only 3.9 per thousand for boys and 3.2 per thousand for girls. The lowest mortality along the age curve is observed at primary school age for both genders, with less than 0.1 per thousand. In adolescents aged 19 and 22, however, it is more than ten times higher for boys, and around four times higher for girls, than at primary school age. The main reasons are (motor vehicle related) accidents among adolescents of this age, but also comparatively high suicide rates.

The mortality rate then decreases again up until age 25 for women and age 28 for men, before steadily rising again. At any age, however, death probabilities for women are lower than those for men. It is only after age 50 for men and age 55 for women that both genders once again attain the mortality rates recorded for infants. From age 85 onwards for men and age 87 onwards for women, annual death probabilities are already above 10 per cent.

Life expectancy at birth is 78.0 years for men and 83.3 years for women. Once a person has come through the higher mortality rates of youth and reached the age of 30, the remaining life expectancy is 48.9 years for men and 53.8 years for women. A man aged 30 can therefore expect to reach 78.9 years of age while a 30-year-old woman can expect to reach the age of 83.8. A man retiring on his 62nd birthday has good chances of being able to enjoy his retirement for 20 years. Women at the age of 60 years have an age-adjusted life expectancy of 25.4 years.

Besides life expectancy, life tables also provide an indication of the probabilities of reaching a particular age. For instance a new-born baby girl has a 99.2% probability of reaching the adult age of 30. For a baby boy it is 0.7 per cent points lower, at 98.5%, due to the higher mortality rate during childhood and youth. 110 years ago (1899/1902 life table) a mere 6 out of every 10 new-born babies reached age 30. According to the current life table, nearly 9 out of every 10 men reach their 60th birthday (89.9%); the percentage among women is as high as 94.7%.

The probability of becoming 100 years old is 1.9% for women and 0.7% for men. Anyone reaching that high age has a good chance of seeing their 101st birthday as well. According to the 2010/2012 life table, age-adjusted life expectancy at precisely 100 years of age is still 1.8 years for men and 2.0 years for women.

Life tables in general

The periodic life tables shown here reflect the mortality ratios of any given year or period as indicated in the table heading, by age and gender. Various life table functions are calculated based on age-specific death probabilities qx, with age-adjusted life expectancy as the most important of these functions.

General and smoothed life tables based around population census years

General and smoothed life tables are calculated in each case for the years surrounding a population census by relating deaths differentiated by age and gender to population levels structured accordingly. To smooth for random fluctuations in these death probabilities along the age curve, such fluctuations are subject to a smoothing method. The individual life table functions are calculated using smoothed death probabilities.

The 1868/71 and 1909/12 life tables relate to those areas that were designated as Austrian alpine lands under the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Compared with present-day borders, the part of Burgenland which belonged to Hungary until 1921 is omitted here while territories separated after World War I are included (essentially Southern Tyrol and the Trentino as well as Lower Styria). As of 1930/33, the tables relate to the present-day national territory.

These life tables are of significance not just for the demographic analysis of mortality but also for important legal and actuarial issues. In the insurance industry they represent an important basis for calculating sums insured and premiums, e.g. in the case of life insurance policies. The cash values of life annuity tables are also based on life tables. Life tables are also used to calculate financial compensation when settling all kinds of claims under civil law, for example after accidents.

Life annuity tables

Life annuity tables comprise age and gender-specific cash values for life annuities payable in advance at different interest rates. These cash values are derived from the death probabilities of the general and smoothed life tables. STATISTICS AUSTRIA has been calculating these life annuity tables on the basis of the general life tables since 1980/82.

Annual life tables

Besides general, smoothed life tables drawn up around population census years, there are also annual life tables. Annual life tables are calculated using crude, non-smoothed death probabilities and are used for continually monitoring and analysing mortality rates. Non-smoothed death probabilities are subject to random fluctuations due to the smaller case numbers of deaths among lower age groups. Therefore as a rule these life tables are not used for legal purposes.

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

Results (overview): Life expectancy according to life tables

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